The Beatles English rock group, formed by Paul McCartney, John Lennon, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. After debuting with a genre based on a rock-and-roll rudimentary, the Beatles enriched their music with experimental arrangements and increasingly sophisticated which included chamber music songs, electronic music, psychedelic rock, nursery rhymes and even Indian music. This happy syncretism, which is also found in the lyrics, coupled with the strong personality of the “Fab Four” (the fabulous four, as they were dubbed), constitutes the main element of breaking with the tradition of pop music. These factors lies the secret of their success timeless.
The early years
Originally from Liverpool, the Beatles were born thanks to the meeting, which took place in 1957, between John Lennon and Paul McCartney. In 1958 guitarist George Harrison joined the group, which was expanded to four musicians when, in January 1960, Stuart Sutcliffe joined the band as bassist; the group was called The Beatles and, with the addition of Pete Best on drums, he made a first tour abroad (in Germany) in August of 1960.
Sutcliffe left the complex in the spring of 1961, forcing McCartney to switch from rhythm guitar to bass. Meanwhile, the fame of the Beatles grew and their concerts at the Cavern Club in Liverpool saw rapidly increase the number of spectators. It was during a performance at the Cavern the Beatles were noticed by Brian Epstein, who decided to bet on the success of the four, and to become their manager. Ringo Starr (born Richard Starkey) became a permanent part of the complex in August 1962. In October of the same year, she released their first single, Love Me Do, which was followed Please Please Me (1963) which he reached the second place in the ranking of best sellers. Adopted the classic bob hairstyle with bangs, the Beatles were ready to become a legend.
The fame
In 1964 the Beatles made their first tour overseas; the welcome was warm in the United States and their appearance on a popular television program, the Ed Sullivan Show, was followed by some seventy million people. At the end of March their songs dominated all five top spots on the charts of best sellers: an unprecedented record.
Since 1964, every activity undertaken by the four of Liverpool, concerts and movies like A Hard Day’s Night (1964) and Help (1965), became a great success: a generation began to dress, to comb and to move like the Beatles; delirious scenes accompanied their every public appearance. With the soundtrack to Help! the band’s style became more mature, the music is enriched with disparate influences (including popular music), and the lyrics became more engaged. The most obvious example of the evolution of the group can be considered to Yesterday (1965) by Paul McCartney.
Breaking and experimentalism
Achieving great fame caused many security problems that emerged in a special way during the tour; the concerts became increasingly rare by, August 29, 1966, the complex is performed in his last public concert at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Retired in engraving studies the Beatles produced a single, Penny Lane / Strawberry Fields Forever (1967), which shows the development level reached by their style.
The summit of this development is witnessed from the album Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967), which took more than seven hundred hours of rehearsal studio, a brass band, an orchestra; the product was a fine disc musically with a very thin, continually emphasized by psychedelic substrates particularly evident in songs like Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds and A Day in the Life. For the first song, in particular, there was talk of a direct influence from experiences with hallucinogens such as LSD (which you said he was referring to the title of Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds), voice, however, never confirmed by the Beatles themselves and yet It costs them the prohibition to hold concerts in the United States.
The separation of the group started with a first break occurred in 1969, during the filming of Let It Be, a documentary made simultaneously to the album of the same name; He continued with the failure of the soundtrack of Yellow Submarine and the last studio album, Abbey Road (both 1969); was finally legally sanctioned 10 April 1970. Despite disagreements and separate each member of the group activities, songs created in the last period of activity are works of high musical quality: from Revolution to Hey Jude (both 1968), by here Comes the Sun (1969) The Long and Winding Road (1970).
After the split, the Beatles continued their activities individually. Paul McCartney and John Lennon, always the minds of the group, continued to collect a great success. Lennon and his wife Yoko Ono, sided on pacifist positions; the artist nevertheless maintained a certain distance compared to the great movements of protest against the Vietnam War, who had also chosen his songs, such as Imagine, as a symbol of protest.
Lennon was murdered in New York on December 8, 1980 by a madman. On 4 December 1995, thanks to a clever technological-commercial operation, with the name of the Beatles was launched the single Free as a Bird: The song had been reconstructed with pieces of a recording, performed by John Lennon in 1977, which were added new parts of the three other members of the group. Even Real Love (1996) is the result of a similar operation, confirming a success that has not experienced moments of fatigue and a still alive and present interest for the Beatles.

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